Improvement in fluting-machines
US 55469 A
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- UNITED STATES PMQEFIICE HENRIETTA H. COLE, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
IMPROVEMENT IN FLUTINGMACHINES.
Specication forming part of Letters Patent No. 55,469, dated June 12, 1866.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that-I, Mrs. HENRIETTA H. COLE, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Fluting-Machines; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable others skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specilication.
Ihe present invention relates to machines for making iiuting-trim min g,77 so called, used by ladies in the trimming of their dresses, Sac.; and it consists in so arranging one of the two luted rollers, between which the material, such as linen, lace, Sac., is passed, that the pressure of such roller thereon can be immediately released and the roller raised in order to allow the material passing between them to be removed at any point of its length; and, furthermore, it consists in an arrangement of parts whereby the pressure ot' the upper roller upon the material passing between it, and the lower roller, which turns in a stationary bearing, can be adjusted at pleasure, so as to produce a greater or lesser amount of pressure upon the material, according as may be desired.
Heretofore, when desired to remove thematerial being fluted from the rollers before the whole length of the material has passed through, it has been necessary to reverse the motion of the rollers, thus causing the material to travel or feed back, the great `objection to which was that as the material repassed between the rollers it necessarily produced irregularity in the fluting, which, as is obvious, was exceedingly disadvantageous; but by my improvements this objection is entirely obviated, as will be readily apparent from the following detail description of the machine, reference being had to the accompanyingplate of drawings, in which-h Figure l is a View of one side of the ma-y chine; and Fig. 2, a transverse vertical section taken in the plane of the line x m, Fig. 1.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts.
A in the drawings represents the bed-plate of the machine, which may be either the top of a table, or a separate piece of wood or other suitable material, or the table of a sewing-machine; B B, two rollers placed one above the other, the peripheries of each of which are to be similarly tluted in the direction of their length. These rollers, by their extension-shafts or spin.- dles C, at one end turn in bearings of boxes D D, placed one above the other, but in two places, at one end, E, ofthe bed-plate A. These boxes are placed over xed upright guideposts, F, of the bed A, to which, by nuts G, the lower one in each case is fastened and held firmly in place upon the bed-plate A, whereas the upper boxes rest upon spiral springs H otl the said posts F, and are so arranged as to play loosely up and down thereon; I, a crank or. winch-handle, secured to the outer end of the lower roller-spindle or shaft,
O, for convenience in turning the rollers by, the upper roller turning in connection with the lower, through the medium of the iiuted surfaces or peripheries, or by means of gearwheel J, secured to the roller-spindles O.
To the upper end of one of each of the two guide-11)osts,F,for the upper roller-boxes a leverarm, K, is hung, extending over an d across the upper end of the boxes, upon a center-piece, L, of which it rests, upon which lever is arranged a weight, M, having set-screw N, in such a manner that it can be adjusted to any position thereon, and thus hold the upper roller of the machine down upon the lower roller with more or* less pressure, according as may be desired, by releasing which pressure entirely the upper roller is lifted from the roller through the action of the spiral springs H, upon which the upper boxes rest, as is obvious without any further explanation.
With the machine above explained the material to be iiuted is passed in and between the two luted rollers, as in ordinary iiuting-machilies, the pressure,` however, first having been properly adjusted, when, motion being communicated to the rollers through the crankhandle I, hereinbefore referred to, or by connecting the pulley R through a belt with a treadle or other suitable power, the material is drawn through and between the rollers to the length desired, when to withdraw it, if for only a portion of its length, the lever-arms K are raised, leaving the springs Gr free to throw or raise up the upper roller, and thus leave the material susceptible of being readily removed Without running it back through the machine, the advantages oi' which are obvious to all.
The rollers I intend to arrange in such a manner in their respective bearings that they can be easily detached therefrom when desired to use rollers having larger or smaller corrugations 5 an d as there are many Well-kn own ways in which this may be accomplished, I do notr deem it necessary to describe any one particular arrangement therefor, as I intend to lay no claim to it and it forms no part oi the present invention.
I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- Mns. HENRIETTA II. COLE.
WM. F. MGNAMARA, ALBERT W. BROWN.